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viernes, 28 de enero de 2011

1º. Guide for speaking exam. NI1

1. INTRODUCTIONS
 Talk about.....

- Describing your job and your colleges
 
 Key words:

positive adjectives
negative adjectives
comparatives and superlatives

1A. FOOD AND RESTAURANTS



         
Verbs: Present Simple and Present Continuos.

Typical questions:

What do you eat in a typical day?
Is food a pleasure for you?
Do you ever cook?. What food do you like cook?
Are you trying to cut down on anything at the moment?
Do you ever eat "unhealthy" food?. How do you feel about it?
What do you usually have for breakfast?
How many cups of coffee do you drink a day?
Where do you usually have lunch?
How often do you eat out a week?
Do you need to buy any food today?
Do you prefer eating at home or eating out?
Are you taking any vitamins or food supplements at the moment?
Are you trying to eat heatlhily at the moment?
What's is your favourite restaurant? Why?
What's is the best restaurant in your city?

Talk about .....Agree or disagree. Give reasons

- People in my country eat very healthily.
- You can often eat better in cheap restaurants than in expensive ones.
- Women worry more about their diet than men.
- Young people today eat less healthily than ten years ago.
- Men cook as a hobby, women cook because they have to.
- Vegetarians are healthier than people who eat a lot of meat.

Key words:

takeaway                                 frozen                                   main course
heat up                                    sweet                                    dishes
low- fat                                   boiled                                    starters
wholemeal (harina integral)       stew (guiso)                           desserts
eat out                                     roast                                      napkin (servilleta)
home-made                             baked                                    fork
raw (crudo)                            steamed (al vapor)                  spoon
spicy                                       grilled                                     knife
fresh                                        fried                                       Kind of meat, vegetables, fish, fruit...


 1B. SPORT

                       
    
Verbs:

 Past Simple ( (+)verb-ed/ past verb) ((?) did + infinitive verb)((-)didn't+infinitive verb)
 Past Continuos(+-) was/wasn't, were/were not + verb-ing)
 Past Perfect ((+-) had/hadn't + past participle)

Questions:

Do your family and friends like sport?
Do you think you're fit? Would you like to get fitter?
Do you do any sport in your free time?
Do you prefer playing sport to doing exercise?Why? How often?
Do you prefer watching sport on TV to being spectator?Why?
Have you ever cheated in an exam, game or sport? Why did you do cheat? How did you do it?
Is there any sport that you like to learn?
Have you ever been an accident or sport injury? What happened?
Have you ever won a cup or a trophy?
Are there good sport facilities in your town?
Have you ever met a celebrity?Where? What was the celebrity doing? What was he wearing?What happened?

Talk about... Agree or disagree. Give reasons.

- Nowadays we spend too much time watching on TV
- Do you like playing sport or doing exercise in you free time?Where? How often? Do you get fit?
  Did you play any sport at school? Did you have a team? How much time you spent to do it?
  Did you warm up before to do it? Did you win a cup or trophy? Did you have an accident or get injured any part of your body?

Key words:

warm up (calentar)                       beat                            team
get fit                                           win                             spectator
get injured                                    lost                             fans
score                                           train                            captain
play (tennis, football)                    stadium                       coach (entrenador)
go (swimming..)                            sport hall                    court (pista tennis, basketball)
players                                         referee (arbitro)           pitch (campo football, rugby, hockey)
course (golf)                                 slope (ski)                  track ( athletics)
circuit (fomula1, motorcycling)      pool                           draw (empatar)
do (exercise, yoga..)


          




1C. WE ARE FAMILY

Vebs: Future forms

BE GOING TO + INFINITE VERB

Future plans (insecure, made a decision)
Intentions
Predictions-evidence


WILL + INFINITIVE VERB
Instant decisions
Promises, desires
Offers
Sugesttions

TO BE + VERB-ING (present continuos)

 Future arrangements (securite, emphasizes that you have made the arragements)
You know – day, month, hour.

Questions:

 Can you tell me about a person in your family?
 What does he/she likes?
 Do you get on well he/she with ? Why?
 Do you argue she/he with? Why?
 What do you thing about families in the future?
 What things he/she likes or dislikes?
 How is his/her personality?
 Does he/she smokes?
 Does he/she has a job or studies?
 Her/his hobbies and interests

 Talk about.....

- Describing a person in your family
- Traditional family and the typical family of the future
 
 Key words:

positive adjectives                                 single-parent families          extender family
negative adjectives                                couples                              an only child
comparatives and superlatives                half-brothers                     stepmother, cousin...











miércoles, 26 de enero de 2011

RECIPES. VIDEOS

               Fish and chips                                      

     Roast Sunday and Gravy sauce

 
                    Pancakes


Shakespeare's sonnet

Shall I compare thee so a summner's day?
Sonnet 18

 
by Shakespeare  

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
 
 


 

English JOKES by Andrew

Ha, Ha!
Hi, Hi!Ho, Ho!

 My house is so, so, so small that when the sun comes into my house, I have   to  leave.

    
 A man goes to the doctor and says: 'Doctor I've got a problem, I've got two
 personalities.'
The doctor answers: 'Be quiet, sit down and let's talk all four of us.'

A SCOTISH PRAYER

 Heavently Father, bless us,            
                              
 and keep us all alives:                                       
 there are eight of us for dinner,
 and there is only enough for five!


 Teacher: Mary, have you read "Freckles"?     

  Mary: No, mine are brown



An epigram: Television is an invention that permits you to be entertained in yourliving room by people you wouldn't have in your home



     - What's the definition of mixed emotions?
     - Seeing your mother- in-law driving your new car off the edge of a cliff


 A big moron and a little moron were standing on a bridge. The big moron fell off.

        How come the litle moron didn't?
        - He was a little more on (moron)


What happens in the Africa jungle from 6 a.m to 8 a.m every day, even on  Sundays? 

               
                                             Two hours


 I can turn you into a Red Indian

 -  How?
 - See? I told you! How!





When the waitress in a New York City restaurant brought him the soup du jour,  the Englishman was a bit dismayed.



 - " Good heavens," he said, " what is this?
 -  "Why, it's bean soup," she replied
 - " I don't care what it has been, " he sputtered. " What is it now?

sábado, 22 de enero de 2011

COLIN FIRTH'S INTERVIEWS. ADVANCED LEVEL

The king's speech trailer





MUST, HAVE TO AND NEGATIVE FORMS


  MUST (obligation)

                    
                                                                                                                                   
            Self imposition or to others. Very strong advice

STRUCTURE

      ( +) SUBJECT + MUST + INFINITIVE VERB (without TO) + C
      (-)   SUBJECT + MUSN'T/ MUST NOT + INFINITIVE VERB  (without TO)
      (?)   MUST + SUBJECT + INFINITIVE VERB  (without TO)?
  • We can use 'must' to show that we are certain something is true. We are making a logical deduction based upon some clear evidence or reason.

         There's no heating on. You must be freezing.
         You must be worried that she is so late coming home.
          I can't remember what I did with it. I must be getting old.
         It must be nice to live in Florida.
  • We also use 'must' to express a strong obligation. When we use 'must' this usually means that some personal circumstance makes the obligation necessary (and the speaker almost certainly agrees with the obligation.)
          I must go to bed earlier.
          They must do something about it.
          You must come and see us some time.
          I must say, I don't think you were very nice to him.
  •      MORAL OBLIGATION, OPINION
                to say what you think is necessary, or to recmmend someone to do something

                I haven't spoken to Sue for ages. I must phone her (I say this is necessary)
                Mark is a really nice person. You must meet him (I recommend this)
  •       I NEED TO DO SOMETHING 
                I'm very hungry.  I must eat something
                It's a fantastic film. You must see it
                The windows are very dirty. We must clean them
  •       IS OFTEN USED IN WRITTEN RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS
                Applications for the job must be received by 18 May  
                You must write your answers in ink (exam instruction)
             
                EXERCISE 1
                EXERCISE 2
                EXERCISE 3

MUSTN'T(prohibition)


     

  • We use must not to say that something is not permitted or allowed, for example:
           Passengers must not talk to the driver.
  • Must not expresses prohibition - something that is not permitted, not allowed. The prohibition can be subjective (the speaker's opinion) or objective (a real law or rule).
          Look at these examples:

          I mustn't eat so much sugar. (subjective)
          You mustn't watch so much television. (subjective)
          Students must not leave bicycles here. (objective)
          Policemen must not drink on duty. (objective)
  • It's necessary that you do not do it (so don't do it). It's the wrong thing to do.
         You must keep it a secret. Yo musn't tell anyone (don't tell anyone)
         I promised I would be on time. I musn't be  (I must be on time)
         You musn't touch the pictures (don't touch the pictures)
  • We can use must not to talk about the present or the future:
           Visitors must not smoke. (present)
           I mustn't forget Tara's birthday. (future)
  • We cannot use must not to talk about the past. We use other structures to talk about the past, for example:
         We were not allowed to enter.
          I couldn't park outside the shop.

          EXERCISES- MUST OR MUSN'T
          ANSWERS

SHOULDN'T (prohibition)

Moral prohibition or light advice.

You shouldn't the new film- it's terrible!
You shouldn't throw banana skins on the ground floor


HAVE TO (obligation)

       
  • We can also use 'have to' to express a strong obligation. When we use 'have to' this usually means that some external circunstance makes the obligation necessary
         The speaker is not giving his/her own opinion

           I have to arrive at work at 9 sharp. My boss is very strict.
           We have to give him our answer today or lose out on the contract.
           You have to pass your exams or the university will not accept you.
            I have to send a report to Head Office every week.
            I have to work from 8.30 to 5.30 every day (a fact, not an opinion)
  • In British English, we often use 'have got to' to mean the same as 'have to'.
          I've got to take this book back to the library or I'll get a fine.
          We've got to finish now as somebody else needs this room.
  • I have to do something so it is necessary to do it, I am obliged to do it
          You can't turn righ here. You have to turn left
          I have to wear glasses for reading
  • Use have to with will and might or may
          If the pain gets worse, you'll gave to go to the doctor
          I might/may have to work late tomorrow evening
  • We use do/does/did in question and negative sentences (for the present and past simple)
           What do I have to do get a new driving licence? (not What have I to do?)
           Karen doesn't have to work Saturdays ( not Karen hasn't to)

EXERCISE 1

DON'T HAVE TO (no obligation)
   


  • We use have to to talk about strong obligation that comes from somewhere else, for example from you boss, you parents, a rule at school or work.
        I have to be home by ten. (My parents told me so.)
        I must be home by ten. I have a very difficult day tomorrow. (It is my own decision.)

       I have to get up early, because I start work at 8. (It is a rule.)
       I should get up early. (Now I stay in bed until lunchtime.)

  • Don't have to means that there isn't any obligation at all,
    there is no need to do it.
          You don't have to tell him, but you can if you want to
          I don't have to be at the meeting, but I think I'll go anyway
  • Don't have to is different from shouldn't and mustn't. 
         I don't have to get up early at weekend.         (I can stay in bed as long as I want.)

        You mustn't tell lies. (It is very bad to tell lies.)

        You don't have to go with me.         (You can go with me if you want to.)

         You shouldn't smoke. (It is bad for your health.)

  • In spoken British English you can also use haven't got to.
         I haven't got to take my sister to school, my parents do it.

FORMAL ENGLISH: do(es)n't have to

        EXERCISES-MUST OR HAVE TO
        EXERCISE 2- MIX
        EXERCISE 3- MIX


SHOULD Correct behavier)  or OUGHT TO

Less strong advice.

MORAL OBLIGATION. You should go: an old person needs your seat

ADVICE
You should watch the new film- it's fantastic!

DEDUCTION

Level of possibilities

Must: high level or possibility.
In fact. No doubt
It must be John ("it"a person knocks the door)

May: permission(given or request)
          under possibility.It's not very sure
          It's sometimes absolute possibility
It may be John

Might: some doubt. It's not very sure
might it's better than may
It might be John

Can't: zero possibilities
I can't be John (the person is wearing a skirt)

 

viernes, 21 de enero de 2011

LIKES and DISLIKES EXPRESSIONS

EXPRESING LIKES

LOVE   


I LOVE + NOUN................. I LOVE ICE CREAM                          
I LOVE+ VERB-ING +C...... I LOVE PLAYING TENNIS                
I ABSOLUTELY LOVE.....

    LIKE       

I LIKEENJOY.....VERY/ MUCH/ A LOT
I QUITE / REALLY LIKE IT....

I LIKE+ NOUN......... .I LIKE SWEETS
I LIKE +VERB-ING....I LIKE READING BOOKS
I LIKE + TO................ MARY LIKES PEOPLE TO BE ON TIME

FANCY         
I FANCY+ NOUN.......... I FANCY YOU
I FANCY + VERRB-ING..... I FANCY READING
FANCY (me gusta mucho algo o alguién)
Nivel medio

SUBJECT+ TO BE+ KEEN ON+ NOUN
SUBJECT+ TO BE+KEEN ON+ VERB-ING
KEEN ON (disfruto con alguién o haciendo algo)
I'm keen on playing tennis

SUBJECT+ TO BE+ FOND OF + NOUN
SUBJECT+ TO BE+FOND OF +VERB-ING

SUBJECT +TO BE+ REALLY/ VERY/ QUITE FOND OF or KEEN ON OF.....
FOND OF (pasión por algo o por alguién).Nivel alto

SUBJECT+ TO BE+ MAD ABOUTCRAZY ABOUT + NOUN
SUBJECT+ TO BE+ MAD ABOUTCRAZY ABOUT +VERB-ING
MAD ABOUT AND CRAZY ABOUT (volverse loco porque me gusta mucho algo o alguién)

I'M INTERESTING IN......

 EXPRESING DISLIKES

SUBJECT + PARTICULA DISLIKE +NOUN or VERB-ING

HATE.... 

I LOATHE........

DISLIKE or DON'T LIKE...... 



DON'T FANCY.....
I CAN'T STAND............. NO AGUANTAR O SOPORTAR 
I CAN'T BEAR................ NO AGUANTAR O SOPORTAR         
I CAN'T PUT UP WITH....NO TOLERO, NO SOPORTO  


SUBJECT + TO BE+ SICK OF / TIRED OF / FED UP OF/WITH+ NOUN or VERB-ING

I'M SICK OF..................... ESTAR HARTO DE     

I'M TIRED OF.................... ESTAR CANSADO DE    
I'M FED UP OF/WITH...... ESTAR HARTO DE / ESTAR HARTO CON  

NO ME GUSTA, PORQUE ME ENFADA.
NOT GETTING A JOB........MAKES ME MAD or ANGRY  
NICOLAS CAGE...........DRIVES ME CRAZY  

SELFISH PEOPLE............ ANNOYS ME    

INSECTS..........................BUG ME    
MY MOTHER IN LAW.....REALLY GETS ON MY NERVES    


QUEUING IN TRAFFIC.......PISSES ME OFF   


PRACTISE

START ACTIVITIES

LIKE AND DISLIKE EXERCISE

LIKE AND DISLIKE GAME ONLINE
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Entradas populares

RECIPES

RECIPES
Click on the picture

FISH AND CHIPS RECIPE

PANCAKES RECIPE

CHAPLIN'S MOVIES

CHAPLIN'S MOVIES
CLICK ON THE PICTURE
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Este blog no es responsable del contenido de los enlaces externos para ver series, peliculas, etc. Thanks VK.

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En caso de reclamaciones por parte de las fuentes de dicho material, procederemos a eliminarlo de nuestro de blog, de inmediato, ya que nuestra intención ha sido de buena fé, y en ningún momento nos hemos lucrado del material de otros.

Para que dichas fuentes puedan ponerse en contacto con este blog studentsstuff@outlook.es

VERY IMPORTANT

This blog has been created by a student in a personal way with the aim of sharing the information in it with the rest of the students, therefore the E.O.I.of Lorca has no responsability for the comments or any information contained in this blog.
Thanks to those people who, without partipatining in the contents of the blog, have written giving us their support.
Through this blog we want to thank the teachers for their e-mails of support and good advice which helped us to improve the eoistudents' stuff.
As students we commit grammatical errors when we write our comments which we continue trying to correct.
Thanks also to the many students who have visited the blog and have written telling us how much effort that we have made to make the contents helpful to those who are learning English and they encourage us to continue with this proyect.
The educational material comes from approved sources dedicated to the learning of English. Most of it do not own.
If there are any errors it is because those sources already contain them and not as a result of the work of the creators of the blog, even the books we always use in class contain some errors.