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jueves, 28 de abril de 2011

SPEAKING. ELEMENTARY

           Ask and answer these questions      
                                                                                                                           
  What’s your first name?
     Where are you from?
     What’s your address?
     How do you spell your surname?
     Are you married?
     What’s your mobile number?
     What’s your surname?
     What’s your email address?
     How do you spell your first name?
     What’s your phone number?
     Are you single?
     Are you a student?

Ask and answer these questions.

     Do you live in a house or a flat?
     What do you do?
     How many brothers and sisters do you have?
     What TV programmes do you like?
     Do you speak another language?
Do you have children?
     Where do you live?
     What food do you like?
     How many cousins do you have?
     Do you work?
     Do you have a car?

Ask and answer these questions

What time do you get up?
     How often do you do exercise?
     What’s your favourite day of the week? Why?
     How often do you eat fish?
     What time do you get home?
     How often do you meet your friends?
What time do you wake up?
     What’s your favourite season?
     How often do you go to bed early?
     What time do you have dinner?
     How many cups of coffee do you drink a day?
     How often do you eat meat?

Ask and answer these questions.

     Can you swim? How well?
     Do you like buying presents?
     What kind of music do you like?
     What do you think of opera?
     Do you like going to the cinema?
     How often do you go to concerts?
     Do you like going to supermarkets?
     Can you play a musical instrument? What?
     What do you think of classical music?
     Can you dance? How well?
     What kind of films do you like?
Do you like singing in the shower?


Ask and answer about your last night out.
     Where did you go?
     Who did you go with?
What did you wear?
     What did you do?
Did you have a good time?
                                                                                                                                                          Ask and answer about your last holiday.
       Where did you go?
How did you travel?
       Was it expensive?
Where did you stay?
Who did you go with?

Ask and answer about his / her/your flat/house
     How many bedrooms are there?
     Is there a garden?
     Are there any plants in the living room?
     Is there a garage?
     Are there any pictures on the walls?
     Where’s the bathroom?
     Is there central heating?

Ask and answer about his / her/your bedroom.
     How big is it?
     How many windows are there?
     Is there a desk?
     Are there any pictures on the walls?
     How many chairs are there?
     Are there any shelves?
     Is there a TV?

Ask and answer about plans.
     Where are you going to go after class?
     What are you going to do tomorrow?
     Are you going to go out at the weekend?
     Are you going to read an English book tonight?
     Are you going to go on holiday next summer?
     Where are you going to have dinner tonight?

Ask and answer about plans.
     Are you going to study English next year?
     What are you going to do next weekend?
     Are you going to watch TV tonight?
     Are you going to do homework after class?
     Are you going to travel this year?
     Are you going to have a coffee after class?

Ask and answer these questions.
     Do you drive carefully?
     Would you like to do a parachute jump?
     Do you sing well?
     Would you like to live in the USA?
     Do you like cooking?

Ask and answer these questions.
     Would you like to travel to Mars?
     Are you a quiet person?
     Do you like reading books?
     Do you speak quickly?


 -You are a new student. Introduce yourself and ask your partner about the class, the teacher, the other students, times of class.

- Talk to a new student. Introduce yourself and answer their questions about the class etc.
 - You have a photograph of the contents of a fridge. Talk about what is in the fridge. Is it healthy or unhealthy? Describe the contents of your fridge.

SPEAKING. PRE-INTERMEDIATE

Pre-intermediate
           
     Make questions and ask your partner about a day trip he / she went on.

·         What time / leave?
·         stop / on the way?
·         What / do / during / day?
·         What / eat?
·         have / free time?
·         What time / get home?
        Ask your partner these questions.
·                Where do you work / study?
·                Who do you live with?
·                What are your hobbies?
·                What kind of personality do you have?
·                Who’s your ideal partner?
Make questions to ask your partner.
name?
age?
job?
     personality?
hobbies?
       What do you do?
                         Where do you live?
       What do you do in your free time?
       What three adjectives describe your personality best?
       What kind of men / women do you like?

Talk to your partner about your problems and ask for advice.
 Give advice to your partner about their problems.
You aren’t very fit.
Your boyfriend / girlfriend has left you.
You don’t understand your homework.
You’ve got an important exam on Monday.
You want to speak another language.
Photos   
                
How often do you take photos? Do you enjoy it?
       Did you take many photos on your last holiday? What were they like?
       What’s the best photo you’ve ever taken / seen? Where were you at the time?
       Do you enjoy taking photos of your family and friends? Why (not)?
       Did you take many photos on holiday last year? What were they like?
                   Have you ever taken a really good / bad photo?
             What is your favourite photo? Why?

Language

Do you enjoy learning English? Why (not)?
       Why are you learning English?
       Do you find it more difficult to speak or to write English?
       Do you think it’s possible to learn more than one language at the same time?
        Why (not)?
       Would you like to learn another language? Which one?
How long have you been an English student?
       Why did you decide to learn English?
             What is / was your favourite subject at school?
       Why are you studying English?
                   Which other language would you like to learn? Why?
Do you find it easy to learn new things?

What would you do if …
·         a crocodile attacked you?
·         you saw a ghost?
·         your best friend told everybody else your secrets?
·         you missed an important interview?
·         a spaceship landed outside your home?
·         you lent your best friend a lot of money?
·         you forgot to do your English homework?
·         it were your mum’s birthday tomorrow?
·         you had to work late every day?
·         you thought your best friend’s girlfriend was seeing someone else?

What would you do if …
·         a bear attacked you?
·         you saw a snake?
·         you lost your passport on holiday?
·         you forgot your best friend’s birthday?
·         you were late for an important meeting?

 FRIENSHIP
       How long have you known your best friend?            How long have you known your oldest friend?
       Where did you meet?
       How long have you lived in this place? Where did you live before?
                   Have you ever lived in another town or country?
       How long have you had your job?
       What did you do before?
    
    FEARS OR PHOBIAS
             Do you have any fears or phobias?
       What makes you feel happy?

      HEALTHY OR UNHEALTHY FOOD
      
What did you have for breakfast?
Do you eat healthy food?
Do you eat snacks between meals?
What did you have for dinner last night?
      
OTHERS
       Do you like working with music or in silence?
       What do you usually use your computer for?
What is the most useful electronic item in your house?
             Would you like to have a pet? Why (not)?
       How good is your memory?
What makes you angry?
       What’s the most frightening thing you’ve ever done?
                  
      FREE TIME   

How often do you do any exercise?
       Can you describe the last party you went to?
Have you ever been to a concert? Who did you see? What was it like?
       When did you last play a sport? What was the sport? Did you enjoy it?
       Have you ever been to a football or a basketball match? Did you enjoy it?
       When did you last go to the cinema? What did you see?
What is the best film you have ever seen?                                                                                                           
When was the last time you went to a party? Was it good?
       What holidays did you use to have when you were a child?
       Do you enjoy sport?
       Do you like playing computer games? Which ones?
What would be a perfect night out for you?

HOLIDAYS
Do you like quiet or exciting holidays?
       Where would you most like to go on holiday? Why?
       Have you ever been to a cold country?
Have you ever been anywhere very hot? Where?
             What do you enjoy doing on holiday?
What did you do last weekend?
       Where are you going next summer?
       If you could visit any country, where would you go? Why?
       What are you going to do this weekend?
                   What did you do last summer?
       If you could have any kind of holiday, what would it be? Why?
       What’s your favourite city? Why?       
       Which city would you most like to visit? Why?
             Have you ever been on a day trip to a big city? What did you do?
       Have you ever been on a weekend trip abroad? Where? What did you do?
       Have you ever been shopping in a foreign city? What did you buy?
       What was the last city you went to? What did you like about it?
       Would you like to visit New York? Why (not)?
       Have you been sightseeing in a big city on your own? What did you see?
       Have you ever spent a whole holiday in a city? Where? What did you enjoy most?
       Have you ever been on a shopping trip in a foreign city? What was it like?
       Where is the most beautiful place you have ever been?
Lifestyle
            
Are you a morning or an afternoon person?
How often do you do exercise?
               Do you think you get enough sleep?
       How much sleep do you usually need?
What are your ideal working hours?
       What’s your routine at weekends?
       How do you think you could improve your lifestyle?
       How important is a healthy lifestyle?
       How do you usually feel when you wake up?
       Do you prefer studying in the morning or at night?
       Do you usually relax more at weekends?
       Could you organize your days better? How?
             What would be a perfect night out for you?

SPEAKING. INTERMEDIATE

Topics
Town
Services in your town

Accident
An accidente you had
Something strange that happened to you
A stupid mistake you one made
Something really funny that once happened to you
Something really frghtening that once happened to you
Sport 
 What you like/don’t like doing / watching
 Competitive/ not         get fit /keep fit        social aspect      team sport /individual
 Are men better than women?
 Sporting role models – good or bad
 A memorable sporting event you remember – why, what sport, when, what happened, etc.
Family
 Big / small? Get on well /badly? 
Who are you like – character and/or physically? Describe someone. Compare yourself with a family member
Are you named after anyone in your family?
What do you do together?
What do you argue about?
Are friends more important than family?
The changing concept of family – extended family – single parent families – more generations
Money
 Does money bring happiness?
Do you spent a lot of money
What would you buy if you had a lot of money?
Food / Diet
What do you eat in a typical day?           
Healthy / unhealthy – fast food, homemade, take-away, high fat
Changing diet – influences of other cultures
What do you look for in a restaurant – price, atmosphere, service, food, location.
Compare pre-prepared and homemade food
Recommend a healthy diet.   Make recommendations for sugar, alcohol, fats, salt in the diet.
Travel/Holidays
 Holidays- good /bad.   Best /worst ways to travel. Destination. Types of accommodation.         
 Common problems/complaints.
 Cultural differences – importance of understanding and tolerance – language. Good manners.

Talk about what you like/don't like about the following holigay activities
Talk about your best/worst ever holiday. What made it so good/bad?
Going sightseeing
Discovering the history of the area
Lying on the beach sunbathing
Meeting local people
Sitting around the swimming pool with a drink
Reading and having a quiet time
Going surfing or windsurfing
Going clubbing every night
Driving around the country
Relaxing
Appearance
Describe a person you know /from a photo.
Describe a group photo – comparisons and superlatives and position in photo.
Judging on first appearance.     Importance of first impressions.
Education
Talk about your school – size, discipline, teachers, homework. Subjects you liked/ didn’t like / were good at bad at.  What weren’t you allowed to do?  What did your teachers make you do
Arguments for and against – Uniform,   mixed ability classes/ streaming,  single sex schools
Houses
 Describe your house / your ideal house. Talk about the location, garden, rooms etc.
Compare your house with your grandparents’ house. How have houses changed in the last century?
House or flat?   Town or country?   Rent or buy?
Free time
 How do you spend your free time?   Favourite books/ authors /   films  /   music   / TV programmes / sport
Influence of TV – good or bad?
Talk about six different activities you hae done in the evening during the past month. Were they individual, as part of or club or team, with familiy or friends?. How often do you do each activity, how long have you been doing them?
Work
Type of job you have / would like to have.   Hours of work, type of contract, working conditions, well paid, holidays, stress, interesting / boring etc.  Employed /self-employed / unemployed .
Relationships
 Friends / family.   Close friends.     What is friendship?  What qualities do you want in a good friend?
Talk about a close friend – when and where you met, how long you have known them, what you did together in the past, what you do now and what you think you’ll do in the future. Lose touch / keep in touch. Physical and character descriptions. Things you have in common / differences.

New technolgies
The healthy
The weather and the enviroment: pollution, greenhouse gases, forest and desforest,recycling,...
Television- good or bad

Interactions
-Recommend a mobile phone to a friend. Ask about what features they need and suggest other useful features.
-You are dining out with a vegetarian – talk about what they can eat and make suggestions from the menu.
-You are going out with friends for dinner – make suggestions about which restaurant to go to, with reasons. Try to persuade the group that your idea is the best.
-You have been offered a new job. Talk to a friend about it and ask for advice about whether you should accept it.
-You and a friend are going to study English. You want to do an intensive course in England but your friend wants to go to a language school in Spain. Discuss the pros and cons of each option.
-You are on a blind date. Introduce yourselves and talk about hobbies, likes /dislikes, family, work etc.
-Discuss the advantages / disadvantages of computers. Common problems, laptop/ desktop, features to look for when buying a computer.
-You are planning a holiday with a friend. Discuss the best points about going to the coast, the mountains, abroad. Different styles of accommodation, travel, etc. Talk about previous experiences.
- You meet an old friend and you ask him about your life, family, job, etc.
- You are in a party with other people, and you talk with another person about things that you/him like and dislike, travel, music, cinema, etc.
- You have to prepare a meal for a birthday.
- Internet for our children. It's a good or bad idea.
-at the doctor

 -You have been in a forening country for a year. You are on holiday in your home country. Answer your friend's questions about how you found: the language, the food, the weather, being away from  your family, the culture.
You would like to work abroad. Ask for advice from your friend. Ask them about their experiencies, people, culture, weather, food, family, etc.

- You have just arrived at your holiday hotel.The room is tiny , dirty, cold and there is not hot water. Complain politely to the recepcionist.
You are the recepcionist in a holiday hotel. Respong to the guest's complaints.

-You are a waiter/waitress in a restaurant. Deal with the costumers complaints. Try to persuade the customer that they ordered ham and mushroom.
You ordered a seafood pizza but the waiter has brought you a ham and mushroom pizza. You don't eat ham.

-You are going to rent out a room in your house. Answer the questions from the person who wants to rent it.
You are looking for a room to rent. Ask quewstions about: the room, the house, the area, local facilities, any rules, pets or no, price.

- You and a friend are organising a night out. Suggest where to go and give reasons. When you both agree, decide where and when to meet and confirm the arrangements.

- In the following situations student 1 they are making the right decision and the student 2 thinks the opposite.
Discuss the situations (conditionals would be useful!)

- hablar de tu trabajo actual, como fue la ultima entrevista de trabajo, que esperas de un trabajo, el trabajo de tus sueños y los problemas que habitualemente hay en el trabajo ( el jefe, la situacion laboral actual, etc

- 2 amigas que hacia tiempo que no se veian y se contaban cosas de su vida actual, recordar viejos tiempos y algun cotilleo de alguna antigua amiga.

1. Andrew is thinking of going to work in China
2.Maria's thinking of leaving her husband and taking the children with her because he's been having an affair.
3. Tina's thinking of becoming a teacher
4.Sharon's thinking of dropping out of university.
5. Rob's thinking of forming a rock band


WRITING

- ABOUT A FILM
- A MOTHER HAS TO ADVICE HER DAUGHTER ABOUT THE ENVIROMENT
- Apply for a job
- Good and bad manners: phone, driving car, in the school...
- Smoking. Advantages and disadvantages. Are you agree with the law about it?

Questions based on New English File Intermediate
 ‘People in my country eat very healthily.’
 
 ‘Nowadays we spend too much time watching sport on TV.’

     ‘Money always brings happiness.’

‘All cities should have a pedestrian area in the centre.’

     ‘It is important to find out about good manners in other cultures.’

‘It is impossible not to judge people by their appearance.’

     ‘Children should only be allowed to eat healthy food at school.’
      
‘All city centres should be for pedestrians only.’
    
     ‘Nobody can enjoy doing a job that is badly paid.’

     ‘Professional sportspeople earn too much money.’

     ‘Fast food should never be sold to children.’

     ‘The driving age for driving a car should be sixteen.’

     ‘Good teachers are always very strict.’

‘Some friendships are very difficult to keep.’

‘A good work–life balance is very important.’

     ‘Men and women have very different interests.’

     ‘Nothing happens if you complain in shops and restaurants.’

‘Famous people should use their status to make the world a better place.’

     ‘People are either born lucky or unlucky.’

‘People nowadays spend too much time watching TV.’

‘Films should never be dubbed.’

‘Physical punishment is always wrong.’

     ‘There is no such thing as luck.’

     ‘Teachers have more influence over children than their parents do.’

     ‘It’s more important to be happy at work than to earn a high salary.’

     ‘Parents should control what and how much TV their children watch.’

“People over 65 should take their driving test again”
“In the future we will spend less time with our families and more with our   friends”
“Cheating in sport is very common nowadays”
‘You should never give up on a dream.’

‘Schools nowadays are not as strict as they used to be.’

‘It is impossible for a man and a woman to be close friends.’

domingo, 24 de abril de 2011

Féminin et le pluriel des adjectifs qualificatifs


L'adjectif qualificatif

L'adjectif qualificatif exprime une manière d'être , une qualité de l'être ou objet désigné par le nom auquel il est joint .
Ex:-un livre utile.  -un ouvrier actif.

1/Féminin des adjectifs qualificatifs:

Au point de vue orthographique , le féminin des adjectifs qualificatifs se marque:
1 En général , par addition d'un (e) à la forme masculine.
2 Par modification du suffixe , dans les adjectifs en (eur).

Addition d'un (e):

On obtient le féminin des adjectifs en écrivant à la fin de la forme masculine un (e) , qui souvent ne se prononce pas :
EX:-Un haut mur>la haute mer -un ciel bleu>une robe bleue.
Evidemment les adjectifs déja terminés par un (e) au masculin ne changent pas au féminin:
-EX:un livre utile>une chose utile.
Toutefois : maître et traitre ; adjectifs , font au féminin : maîtresse et traitresse:
EX:-Une maitresse femme.  -Une voix traitresse


Cas particuliers:

Les adjectifs en (el) , (eil) ainsi que nul et gentil redoublent le (l) devant le (e) du féminin:
EX:-cruel>cruelle  -pareil > pareille. -nul > nulle -gentil>gentille
Jumeau (autrefois jumel) fait :jumelle au féminin.

Remarque: Beau , fou , vieux...font au féminin : belle , folle , vieille...ces formes féminines sont tirées du masculin ancien :bel, fol , vieil...

Adjectifs en (n):

Les adjectifs en (en) et (on) doublent le (n) devant le (e) du féminin .EX:-ancien>ancienne -bon > bonne.
mais les adjectifs en (in), (an) (sauf : paysan ,rouan...)ne doublent pas le (n):
EX:-voisin , voisine -plein , pleine - plan, plane - paysan, paysane
Remarque: bénin , malin; font : bénigne , maligne.

Adjectifs en (t):

Les adjectifs en (et) doublent le (t)devant le (e) du féminin sauf : complet , concret , désuet , discret....
EX:-muet > muette - complet, complète.
Mais les adjectifs en (at) ne doublent pas le (t) EX:-délicat > délicate
La plupart des adjectifs en (s) ou en (x) ont leur féminin en (se): EX:-gris > grise -heureux > heureuse.
Sauf:bas, gras,las, gros, faux...qui font leur féminin en (sse)

Remarque: -doux> douce -frais > fraîche.
Les adjectifs en (er) forment leur féminin en (ère). EX:-léger>légère-fier>fière.
Les adjectifs en (f) changent le (f) en (ve). EX:-bref >brève.

Modification du suffixe:

Adjectifs en (eur) :font leur féminin en (euse). EX:-menteur > menteuse-trompeur> trompeuse.
sauf : enchanteur , pécheur , vengeur ...changent (eur) en (eresse).
         exécuteur , inspecteur , ... changent (eur) en (trice)
Les adjectifs en (teur) font leur féminin en (trice). EX:-consolateur,>consolatrice.

Remarque: antérieur , postérieur , ultérieur , meilleur , extérieur , intérieur , supérieur , inférieur...font leur féminin en (e).

2/pluriel des adjectifs qualificatifs

 Pluriel en (s):
 On forme le pluriel des adjectifs en écrivant à la fin de la forme du singulier un (s). EX:-L'eau pure > Les eaux pures.
Tous les adjectifs au féminin prennent un (s) au pluriel. EX:-une table basse > des tables basses
Les adjectifs masculins en (s) ou (x) ne changent pas au pluriel. EX:-un mot bas > des mots bas

Pluriel en (x):

La plupart des adjectifs en (al) changent au pluriel masculin en (aux) EX:-Un homme loyal>des hommes loyaux.
sauf : bancal , final , naval ; qui prennent (als) EX:-Des sièges bancals.
-beau , jumeau , nouveau , hébreu; prennent un (x) au pluriel.
EX:-Des textes hébreux.

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El material didáctico y las peliculas contenidas en este blog, tienen el objetivo de ser una herramienta más, para favorecer el aprendizaje de idiomas, y no con ánimo de lucro. Los estudiantes utilizan nuestro blog para estudiar las destrezas que tienen que superar en los exámenes.
Este blog no es responsable del contenido de los enlaces externos para ver series, peliculas, etc. Thanks VK.

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En caso de reclamaciones por parte de las fuentes de dicho material, procederemos a eliminarlo de nuestro de blog, de inmediato, ya que nuestra intención ha sido de buena fé, y en ningún momento nos hemos lucrado del material de otros.

Para que dichas fuentes puedan ponerse en contacto con este blog studentsstuff@outlook.es

VERY IMPORTANT

This blog has been created by a student in a personal way with the aim of sharing the information in it with the rest of the students, therefore the E.O.I.of Lorca has no responsability for the comments or any information contained in this blog.
Thanks to those people who, without partipatining in the contents of the blog, have written giving us their support.
Through this blog we want to thank the teachers for their e-mails of support and good advice which helped us to improve the eoistudents' stuff.
As students we commit grammatical errors when we write our comments which we continue trying to correct.
Thanks also to the many students who have visited the blog and have written telling us how much effort that we have made to make the contents helpful to those who are learning English and they encourage us to continue with this proyect.
The educational material comes from approved sources dedicated to the learning of English. Most of it do not own.
If there are any errors it is because those sources already contain them and not as a result of the work of the creators of the blog, even the books we always use in class contain some errors.