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lunes, 30 de mayo de 2011

REPORTED SPEECH - STATEMENTS

Backshift of tenses
fromto
Peter: "I work in the garden."Peter said that he worked in the garden.
Peter: "I worked in the garden."Peter said that he had worked in the garden.
Peter: "I have worked in the garden."
Peter: "I had worked in the garden."
Peter: "I will work in the garden."Peter said that he would work in the garden.
Peter: "I can work in the garden."Peter said that he could work in the garden.
Peter: "I may work in the garden."Peter said that he might work in the garden.
Peter: "I would work in the garden."
(could, might, should, ought to)
Peter said that he would work in the garden.
(could, might, should, ought to)
Progressive forms
Peter: "I'm working in the garden."Peter said that he was working in the garden.
Peter: "I was working in the garden."Peter said that he had been working in the garden.
Peter: "I have been working in the garden."
Peter: "I had been working in the garden."

REPORTED SPEECH STATEMENTS. EXPLANATION

Reported statements. Indirect Speech:    lo usamos para decir lo que otra persona ha dicho

SAY: es más común usar “said”  cuando alguien en general dice algo “he said that”.
Si lo dice alguien en particular “Rita told me”. Pero ambos pueden usarse.

ATENCIÓN: No podemos usar “said” con una persona o un pronombre. 

Ejemplo:   HE SAID  HER  THAT  HE LOVE HER

Pero si podemos usarlo si después del “said” ponemos “to” + persona o pronombre.
 El “that” puede omitirse cuando hay 2 sujetos.

Ejemplo:    HE SAID TO ME THAT HE LOVE HER

Direct Speech:             “ SUJETO + VERBO + COMPLEMENTOS

  SHE:                               “ I                LIKE             SHOPPING.”

Indirect Speech:            SUJETO + SAID + (THAT) + SUJETO 2 + VERBO + COMPLENTOS

                                        She             said     (that)         she           liked              shopping

No olvides que este es el estilo indirecto, así que elige el verbo, sujeto, objeto, tiempo y lugar correctos teniendo en cuenta los que hay en el estilo directo. En cuanto a tiempo no siempre hay que cambiarlo, depende del contexto, si yo digo “ I went to the dentist this morning” y por la noche yo se lo cuento a una amiga, el tiempo sigue siendo el mismo en el estilo directo que en el indirecto “this morning”.

TELL:  cuando alguien en particular dice algo.

ATENCIÓN: No podemos usar “told” con “that”. 

Ejemplo:   MARK TOLD THAT ME  HE LOVE HER

Pero si podemos usarlo si después del “told” ponemos un objeto o pronombre +” that”. El “that” se puede omitir cuando hay 2 sujetos

Ejemplo:    MARK TOLD ME THAT HE LOVE HER


Direct Speech:             “ SUJETO + VERBO + COMPLEMENTOS

   ANNA :                       “ I                LIKE             SHOPPING.”

Indirect Speech:  SUJETO + TOLD  + OBJETO +( THAT) +  SUJETO 2 + VERBO + C

                            Anna         told          me            ( that)            she             liked              shopping
                            Anna          told             me                                  she             liked              shopping

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