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martes, 7 de febrero de 2012

USED TO vs WOULD

USED TO

No se puede usar FOR o SINCE
  • Para hablar de hábitos y rutinas que hacíamos regularmente en el pasado, pero que ya no lo hacemos.
I used to play the guitar.
Antes tocaba la guitarra pero ahora no.

Do you go to the cinema? ‘Not now, but I used to.’
Antes solía ir al cine, pero no voy
  • Para hablar de situaciones que han cambiado. Para hablar de algo que era cierto, pero ya no lo es.
I used to have much longer hair when I was younger.
Antes lo tenía largo, pero ya no lo tengo

Susan used to live in London.
Antes ella solía vivir en Londres pero ahora ya no vive allí
  • Para hablar de cosas que eran verdaderas pero que dejaron de serlo
There used to be a wall there. Ya no está             
 I use to have a dog, but I gave it away. Lo regalé.

She used to think it was all right to sit in the sun all day. Correct

NEGATIVA : I didn’t use to play football.   
          
INTERROGATIVA:    Did you use to smoke?

You should use 'use to' without a d in sentences when it follows 'did' or 'didn't' (don't worry too much about this because lots of people get it wrong).

The question form is ‘Did you use to…?'. When asking a closed question you put did/didn't in front of the subject followed by use to, you cannot use would.


WOULD
  • Para describir repetidas acciones del pasado.
  • Hábitos y rutinas del pasado, su uso es menos frecuente
  • Para hablar de algo que soliamos hacer pero que ahora no, o que era verdad y ahora no, usar USED TO.
Every Saturday, I would go on a long bike ride.
When I was younger, I would play with my friends after the school.

No usar “would para hablar de estados: possessión, mind, being, stage of life.

I would have much longer hair when I was younger. INCORRECT. There’s a change
We would live in New York when I was a kid. INCORRECT. There‘s a change
She would think it was all right to sit in the sun all day. INCORRECT. state verbs
I would smoke. INCORRECT.
  • Did you use to go out with my sister?
  • Did they use to own the company?
  • Didn't we use to go to the same school?
Also when asking questions about states in the past you cannot use would.
  • What sort of things did you use to like when you were young?
. In the negative you cannot use would without a change in meaning.
  • I didn't use to play with my dolls.


EXPLANATIONS+EXERCISES

EXERCISE 1          EXERCISE 2          EXERCISE 3         EXERCISE 4  

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