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viernes, 16 de diciembre de 2011

FUTURE will-shall-be going to-present continuos. TENSES AND EXERCISES


FUTURE WITH WILL (SIMPLE)

Se usa:

1.    El "future simple" es un tiempo que sirve para describir acciones que se van a desarrollar en el futuro cercano o lejano.

          I will play tennis. / Yo jugaré al tenis 
          She will buy a car. / Ella se comprará un coche
    We will send them a postcard./ Les enviaremos una postal

2. se puede utilizar con o sin mencionar el tiempo en el que se desarrollará la acción:

          We will go to the cinema tomorrow / Nosotros iremos al cine mañana
          We will go to the cinema / Nosotros iremos al cine

3. Se utiliza para hacer prediciones sobre el futuro, expectativas y describir deseos, decisiones espontáneas, opinar y hacer un ofrecimiento.

They will win the match/ Ellos ganarán el partido
I think that I will abroad when I am older/ Pienso que viviré en el extranjero cuando yo sea mayor.
It is too hot. I will turn on the air-condicionating/ Hace demasiado calor. Encenderé el aire acondicionado.
I have got a headache. I will get you an aspirin/ Tengo dolor de cabeza. Yo te daré una aspirina.

  • SHALL se usa para hacer sugerir algo. Usar con 1ª persona singular,"I" y 1ª en plural, "we"
                   Shall we dance?

                                     Particulas identificativas

·       I think, I hope (espero), I’m sure (estoy seguro), maybe(quizás), in four months’ time (dentro de 4 meses), one day, in the future, in 2008, next week, soon (pronto), later, next year, tomorrow,..

Estructura afirmativa:      SUJETO + WILL + VERBO BASE

Estructura negativa:          
                                               SUJETO + WILL NOT O WON’T+ VERBO BASE    

Estructura interrogativa:  WILL O WON’T + SUJETO + VERBO BASE?
                                            
                                                QUESTION WORD + WILL+ SUJETO + VERBO BASE?
                                   
Ejemplos:

What will you do?/ ¿Qué harás tú?
We will play in the patio / Nosotros jugaremos en el patio
He won't do his homework/ Él no hará los deberes
Where will we live?/ ¿Donde vivirmos nosotros?
I won't go to the beach / Yo no iré a la playa
Will they have dinner in the restaurant?/¿Cenarán ellos en el restaurante?
Will you have coffee with your friends?/ ¿Tomarás café con tus amigos?

FUTURE WITH  BE GOING TO

Se usa:

1.   Se utiliza para hablar de nuestros planes (plan inseguro), intenciones, proyectos  en un futuro cercano, decisiones, evidencias, señales.

He is going to teach us how to jump from a boat/ Nos va a enseñar a saltar desde un barco.
          I have already decided my destination. I’m going to Madrid./ Yo tengo decido mi destino. Voy a ir  a Madrid
    James is going to travel aroun the world next year/James viajará alrededor del mundo este año.
    Look! That car is going to crash/ !Mira¡. Ese coche se va a estrellar.
    She is pregnant. She is going to have a baby in April/ Ella está embarazada. Ella tendrá un niño en Abril

                                                  Particulas identificativas


·       Look¡, decided, on Tuesday, tonight, in a hour, this afternoon, later, tomorrow, soon, next week, next sumer...


Estructura afirmativa   SUJETO + BE + GOING TO + VERBO BASE

Estructura negativa:     SUJETO + BE NOT + GOING TO + VERBO BASE 
Estructura interrogativa:   BE + SUJETO + GOING TO + VERBO BASE?
                                     

Ejemplos:


My mother is going to buy me some sungkasses on Saturday / Mi madre va a comprarme unas gafas de sol el sábado.
Tonight thet are going to sleep in a tent / Esta noche van a dormir en una tienda de campaña.
Are you going to talk about the ocean? / ¿Vas a hablar sobre el océano?
She is not going to stay on the ship /Ella no se va a quedar en el barco
I am going to have a barvecue on the beach / Yo voy a hacer una barbacoa en la playa
I feel ill. I am going to be sick./ Estoy enfermo. Voy a vomitar
They are going to meet in the cinema./ Ellos van a encontrarse en el cine
She is going to fly to las Vegas tomorrow./ Ella va a volar a las Vegas mañana

FUTURE WITH  TO BE + - ING

Se usa:

1.   Se utiliza para hablar de acciones o planes que van a ocurrir con toda seguridad, porque ya se han fijado u organizado con antelación (plan seguro).

We are having a party next Saturday.
I am seeing the bank manager a 9 o’clok
They are moving into their new flat on 7th July
We are meeting outside the cinema at 8:30 pm
We aren’t travelling next week to Thailandia
My boatis leabing in an hour
Are they going on holiday tomorrow
We aren’t going to the cinema later
The student are watching a documentary about sharks in a hour
I am meeting Susan On Monday
You are going to the sports centre at ten o’clock

                  
Particulas identificativas


·       In a hour,  on Sunday, tomorrow, next moth, on 7th May, at 8 o’clok, later..

Estructura afirmativa        SUJETO + TO BE + VERBO  - ING

Estructura negativa:         SUJETO + TO BE NOT + VERBO -ING

Estructura interrogativa:  TO BE + SUJETO + VERBO - ING?
                                     
To be: I am, you are, it is, we are, she isn’t, they aren’t…

Future: will, shall, be going to, present continuos. ALL LEVELS. EXERCISES

FUTURE TENSES. INTERMEDIATE
WILL OR GOING TO.  ELEMENTARY
GOING TO. ELEMENTARY


FUTURE TENSES


ELEMENTARY FUTURE FORMS
INTERMEDIATE FUTURE MIX TENSES
INTERMEDIATE FUTURE TENSES WITH SONG

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Thanks to those people who, without partipatining in the contents of the blog, have written giving us their support.
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If there are any errors it is because those sources already contain them and not as a result of the work of the creators of the blog, even the books we always use in class contain some errors.